Deadliest U.S. mass shootings | 1984-2015

Here are some of the most notable mass shootings in the U.S. in recent decades.

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DEVELOPING: 14 dead, 21 wounded | San Bernardino, Calif.

(Marcus Yam/Los Angeles Times)

Law enforcement officials confirmed that 14 people are dead and 21 wounded in a shooting at the Inland Regional Center in San Bernardino. Sources said the two assailants, who were heavily armed and possibly wearing body armor, opened fire on a holiday party. The two attackers, who were married, were killed in a gun battle with police. They were U.S.-born Syed Rizwan Farook and Pakistan national Tashfeen Malik, and had an arsenal of ammunition and pipe bombs in their Redlands home. Federal law enforcement officials say Malik pledged allegiance to Islamic State in a Facebook post, but the FBI chief said there is no sign the couple were part of a terrorist network. FBI officials announced Friday that the agency is officially investigating the shooting as terrorism. Other federal law enforcement sources say it still might also be workplace related.

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Public place

3 dead; 9 injured | Colorado Springs, Colo.

(David Zalubowski / Associated Press)

A gunman entered a Planned Parenthood clinic in Colorado Springs, Colo., and started firing. Police named Robert Lewis Dear as the suspect in the attacks. Three people were killed — university police Officer Garrett Swasey, Iraq war veteran Ke’Arre M. Stewart and Jennifer Markovsky, who had accompanied friends to the clinic. Each was the parent of two children.

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Public place

9 dead, 9 injured: Roseburg, Ore.

(Rich Pedroncelli / Associated Press)

Christopher Sean Harper-Mercer shot and killed eight fellow students and a teacher at Umpqua Community College. Authorities described Harper-Mercer, who recently had moved to Oregon from Southern California, as a “hate-filled” individual with anti-religion and white supremacist leanings who had long struggled with mental health issues. He owned 14 weapons, all purchased legally. Harper-Mercer, 26, killled himself after exchanging gunfire with deputies.

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School

5 dead, 3 wounded: Chattanooga, Tenn.

Photos of four slain Marines are placed at a makeshift memorial at a military recruiting center in Chattanooga
Photos of four slain Marines are placed at a makeshift memorial at a military recruiting center in Chattanooga (Joe Raedle / Getty Images)

A gunman opened fire on two military centers more than seven miles apart on Thursday, killing four Marines and a Navy sailor.

A man identified by federal authorities as Mohammod Youssuf Abdulazeez, 24, sprayed dozens of bullets at a military recruiting center, then drove to a Navy-Marine training facility and opened fire again before he was killed.

9 dead: Charleston, S.C.

Jessica Oliver leaves flowers on a memorial in front of the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church.
Jessica Oliver leaves flowers on a memorial in front of the Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church. (Getty Images)

Dylann Storm Roof is charged with nine counts of murder and three counts of attempted murder in an attack that killed nine people at a historic black church in Charleston, S.C.

Authorities say Roof, a suspected white supremacist, started firing on a group gathered at Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church after first praying with them. He fled authorities before being arrested in North Carolina.

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Worship place

6 dead, 7 wounded: Isla Vista, Calif.

People participate in a memorial in People's Park in remembrance of those who were killed and injured by Elliot Rodger in Isla Vista on May 23, 2014.
People participate in a memorial in People's Park in remembrance of those who were killed and injured by Elliot Rodger in Isla Vista on May 23, 2014. (Genaro Molina / Los Angeles Times)

Elliot Rodger, 22, meticulously planned his deadly attack on the Isla Vista community for more than a year, spending thousands of dollars in order to arm and train himself to kill as many people as possible, according to a report released by the Santa Barbara County Sheriff’s Office. Rodger killed six people before shooting himself.

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Public place

3 killed; 16 injured: Ft. Hood, Texas

Media wait outside Fort Hood for an official statement Wednesday.
Media wait outside Fort Hood for an official statement Wednesday. (Deborah Cannon / Austin American-Statesman/MCT)

A gunman at Fort Hood, the scene of a deadly 2009 rampage, kills three people and injures 16 others, according to military officials. The gunman is dead at the scene.

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Workplace

12 killed, 3 injured: Washington, D.C.

Law enforcement personnel respond to an attack on office workers at Washington Navy Yard on September 16, 2013.
Law enforcement personnel respond to an attack on office workers at Washington Navy Yard on September 16, 2013. (MCT)

Aaron Alexis, a Navy contractor and former Navy enlisted man, shoots and kills 12 people and engages police in a running firefight through the sprawling Washington Navy Yard. He is shot and killed by authorities.

Authorities later reveal that he had an extensive Navy disciplinary record that included several unauthorized absences from duty, instances of insubordination and disorderly conduct, one instance of being absent without leave, and several failed inspections. He was still able to get a security clearance and purchase a rifle.

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Workplace

5 killed: Santa Monica

Santa Monica Police Sgt. Richard Lewis speaks about the replica weapons and zip guns found during a search of John Zawahri's house.
Santa Monica Police Sgt. Richard Lewis speaks about the replica weapons and zip guns found during a search of John Zawahri's house. (Allen J. Schaben / Los Angeles Times)

John Zawahri, an unemployed 23-year-old, kills five people in an attack that starts at his father’s home and ends at Santa Monica College, where he is fatally shot by police in the school’s library.

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Public place

27 killed, one injured: Newtown, Conn.

Responders gather at scene of a mass school shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School.
Responders gather at scene of a mass school shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School. (Mario Tama / Getty Images)

A gunman forces his way into Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Conn. and shoots and kills 20 first graders and six adults. The shooter, Adam Lanza, 20, kills himself at the scene. Lanza also killed his mother at the home they shared, prior to his shooting rampage. In emotional remarks from the White House, President Obama wiped away tears. “Our hearts are broken today,” the president said.
Photos | Full coverage

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School

3 dead, 4 injured: Brookfield, Wis.

Rescue personnel arrive at the Azana Salon and Spa
Rescue personnel arrive at the Azana Salon and Spa (Michael Sears / Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel)

Radcliffe Haughton, a 45-year-old former Marine, walks into the Azana Salon and Spa where his estranged wife works and shoots and kills her and two other women, wounding four others. Witnesses say Haughton’s wife, Zina, calmly tried to protect coworkers and customers before she was killed. She had recently sought a restraining order saying her husband had threatened to throw acid in her face and set her on fire with gasoline. Haughton was found dead inside the salon of a self-inflicted gunshot.

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Public place

6 killed, 2 injured: Minneapolis, Minn.

At a fatal shooting in the Bryn Mawr neighborhood of Minneapolis, Minnesota, people are moved to a safe area from the crime scene on Thursday, September 27, 2012.
At a fatal shooting in the Bryn Mawr neighborhood of Minneapolis, Minnesota, people are moved to a safe area from the crime scene on Thursday, September 27, 2012. (Richard Tsong–Taatarii / MCT)

Andrew Engeldinger, 36, breaks into a sign company’s offices and opens fire, killing the owner and five others before turning the gun on himself. Engeldinger had been fired from Accent Signage Systems, a small company that specializes in making interior signs that comply with the Americans With Disabilities Act, including signs in Braille for the blind.

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Workplace

6 killed, 3 injured: Oak Creek, Wis.

People gathered at the Khalsa Care Foundation in Pacoima, for a candle vigil, to remember the victims of the Wisconsin Sikh temple shooting
People gathered at the Khalsa Care Foundation in Pacoima, for a candle vigil, to remember the victims of the Wisconsin Sikh temple shooting (Jay L. Clendenin / Los Angeles Times)

Wade Michael Page fatally shoots six people at a Sikh temple before he is shot by a police officer. Page, an Army veteran who was a “psychological operations specialist,” committed suicide after he was wounded.

Page was a member of a white supremacist band called End Apathy and his views led federal officials to treat the shooting as an act of domestic terrorism. He had been administratively discharged from the Army in 1998 after being demoted in rank.

Victims: Who they were

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Worship place

12 killed, 58 injured: Aurora, Colo.

An Aurora Police Department detective takes a witness statement following a shooting Friday morning July 20, 2012.
An Aurora Police Department detective takes a witness statement following a shooting Friday morning July 20, 2012. (AP)

James Holmes, 24, is taken into custody in the parking lot outside the Century 16 movie theater after a post-midnight attack in Aurora, Colo. Holmes allegedly entered the theater through an exit door about half an hour into the local premiere of “The Dark Knight Rises.” He faces charges of of killing 12 people and injuring 58 others.

Victims: Who they were

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Public place

7 killed, 3 injured: Oakland

Maria Campomanes and her daughter Maelauni, 9, leave flowers for Oikos University victims outside of the school in Oakland, Calif., Wednesday, April 4, 2012.
Maria Campomanes and her daughter Maelauni, 9, leave flowers for Oikos University victims outside of the school in Oakland, Calif., Wednesday, April 4, 2012. (Jeff Chiu / AP)

One L. Goh, 43, a former student at a Oikos University, a small Christian college, allegedly opens fire in the middle of a classroom leaving seven people dead and three wounded.

Goh was charged with seven counts of murder with special circumstances and three counts of attempted murder. In a jailhouse interview with a San Francisco TV station shortly after the shooting, Goh said he was “deeply sorry” for his actions.

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School

8 killed, 1 injured: Seal Beach, Calif.

Mourners stop by to pay their respects at the door of Salon Meritage in Seal Beach on the morning after eight people were shot to death and a ninth wounded by suspected gunman Scott Dekraai October 13, 2011.
Mourners stop by to pay their respects at the door of Salon Meritage in Seal Beach on the morning after eight people were shot to death and a ninth wounded by suspected gunman Scott Dekraai October 13, 2011. (Mark Boster/Los Angeles Times)

Scott Dekraai, 41, apparently enraged over a custody dispute, allegedly walks into a crowded Seal Beach hair salon where his former wife works and opens fire. Eight people are killed, including a man sitting in a truck outside the salon. Another person is critically wounded. Dekraai has pleaded not guilty in the case.

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Workplace

6 killed, 11 injured: Tucson, Ariz.

President Barack Obama and first lady Michelle Obama attend memorial service for the victims of Saturday's shootings, at McKale Center on the University of Arizona campus Wednesday, Jan. 12, 2011, in Tucson, Ariz.
President Barack Obama and first lady Michelle Obama attend memorial service for the victims of Saturday's shootings, at McKale Center on the University of Arizona campus Wednesday, Jan. 12, 2011, in Tucson, Ariz. (J. Scott Applewhite / AP)

Jared Lee Loughner, 22, allegedly shoots Arizona Rep. Gabrielle Giffords in the head during a meet-and-greet with constituents at a Tucson supermarket. Six people are killed and 11 others wounded. Loughner is identified by witnesses as the gunman who fired at close range with semiautomatic pistol before being tackled.

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Public place

8 killed, 2 injured: Manchester, Conn.

Omar S. Thornton, 34, a driver for Hartford Distributors, emerges from a disciplinary hearing and begins shooting, killing eight people at the family-owned distributorship and then himself.

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Workplace

3 killed, 3 wounded: Huntsville, Ala.

Amy Bishop 45, a neurobiologist and assistant professor at the University of Alabama in Huntsville, shoots and kills 3 people at a biology faculty meeting. Bishop is later sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole.

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Workplace

13 killed, 32 injured: Ft. Hood, Texas

Sgt. First Class Noe Figueroa waits to get back on base outside Fort Hood's Clear Creek gate in Killeen, Texas on Thursday, Nov. 5, 2009, after a mass shooting on the base.
Sgt. First Class Noe Figueroa waits to get back on base outside Fort Hood's Clear Creek gate in Killeen, Texas on Thursday, Nov. 5, 2009, after a mass shooting on the base. (Jay Janner / AP)

Maj. Nidal Malik Hasan, an Army psychiatrist, allegedly shoots and kills 13 people and injures 32 others in a rampage at Ft. Hood, where he is based. Authorities allege that Hasan was exchanging emails with Muslim extremists including American-born radical Anwar Awlaki.

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Workplace

13 killed, 4 injured: Binghamton, N.Y.

Mourners pray with relatives of shooting victims Lan Ho and Long Huynh outside the American Civic Association on Sunday, April 5, 2009, in Binghamton, New York
Mourners pray with relatives of shooting victims Lan Ho and Long Huynh outside the American Civic Association on Sunday, April 5, 2009, in Binghamton, New York (Matt Rourke/AP)

Jiverly Voong, 41, shoots and kills 13 people and seriously wounds four others before apparently committing suicide at the American Civic Assn., an immigration services center, in Binghamton, N.Y.

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Public place

5 killed, 16 injured: Dekalb, Ill.

Mourners place flowers Friday, Feb. 15, 2008, at a memorial for the five victims of Thursday's shooting on the Northern Illinois University campus in DeKalb, Ill.
Mourners place flowers Friday, Feb. 15, 2008, at a memorial for the five victims of Thursday's shooting on the Northern Illinois University campus in DeKalb, Ill. (Associated Press)

Steven Kazmierczak, dressed all in black, steps on stage in a lecture hall at Northern Illinois University and opens fire on a geology class. Five students are killed and 16 wounded before Kazmierczak kills himself on the lecture hall stage.

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School

8 killed, 4 injured: Omaha

Terry Bradshaw, left, comforts his wife, Kim, center, and daughter Jamie, right, while they visit a memorial outside the Von Maur department store in Omaha, Neb., Saturday, Dec. 8, 2007.
Terry Bradshaw, left, comforts his wife, Kim, center, and daughter Jamie, right, while they visit a memorial outside the Von Maur department store in Omaha, Neb., Saturday, Dec. 8, 2007. (Charles Rex Arbogast / AP)

Robert Hawkins, 19, sprays an Omaha shopping mall with gunfire as holiday shoppers scatter in terror. He kills eight people and wounds four others before taking his own life. Authorities report he left several suicide notes.

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Public place

32 killed, 17 injured: Blacksburg, Va.

Image taken from a video aired by NBC News shows Virginia Tech gunman Seung-hui Cho
Image taken from a video aired by NBC News shows Virginia Tech gunman Seung-hui Cho (Associated Press Photo/NBC)

Seung-hui Cho, a 23-year-old Virginia Tech senior, opens fire on campus, killing 32 people in a dorm and an academic building in attacks more than two hours apart. Cho takes his life after the second incident.

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School

5 killed, 4 injured: Salt Lake City

Sulejman Talovic, 18, wearing a trenchcoat and carrying a shotgun, sprays a popular Salt Lake City shopping mall. Witnesses say he displays no emotion while killing five people and wounding four others. An off-duty police officer eating dinner with his wife exchanges gunfire with the Bosnian refugee before other officers arrive and fatally wound Talovic.

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Public place

5 killed, 5 injured: Nickel Mines, Pa.

(Associated Press)

Charles Carl Roberts IV, a milk truck driver armed with a small arsenal, bursts into a one-room schoolhouse and kills five Amish girls. He kills himself as police storm the building.

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School

6 dead | Goleta, Calif.

Wreaths and flowers have been placed at several of the employee entrances of the United States Postal Service distribution center in Goleta, Calif.
Wreaths and flowers have been placed at several of the employee entrances of the United States Postal Service distribution center in Goleta, Calif. (Spencer Weiner / Los Angeles Times)

Jennifer San Marco, a former US Postal Service employee, shot and killed six people at a mail processing plant in Goleta, California on January 30, 2006, before taking her own life.

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Workplace

9 killed, 7 injured: Red Lake Indian Reservation, Minn.

Jeffrey Weise, a 16-year-old student at Red Lake High School fatally shoots five students, a teacher, and a security guard and wounds seven others before taking his own life. Before his rampage at Red Lake, Weise kills his grandfather and his grandfather’s companion at their home on the Red Lake Indian Reservation.

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School

5 killed, 9 injured: Meridian, Miss.

Doug Williams in an undated photo
Doug Williams in an undated photo (Lauderdale County Sheriff's Office)

Doug Williams, 48, a production assemblyman for 19 years at Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co., goes on a rampage at the defense plant, fatally shooting five and wounding nine before taking his own life with a shotgun.

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Workplace

3 killed: Tucson

Robert S. Flores, 41, a Persian Gulf War veteran and student at the University of Arizona’s College of Nursing, enters a lecture hall and gun downs two of his nursing professors. Flores then orders the students out of the classroom and commits suicide. Another associate professor of nursing is later discovered shot to death in her second-floor office.

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School

2 killed, 13 injured: Santee, Calif.

Charles Andrew Williams in court during his arraignment in San Diego County Superior Court in March 2001
Charles Andrew Williams in court during his arraignment in San Diego County Superior Court in March 2001 (Associated Press)

Santana High student Charles Andrew Williams, 15, fatally shoots two classmates and wounds 13 others on the campus. He is apprehended by police in the school bathroom, where his attack began. Williams is later sentenced to 50 years to life.

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School

7 killed: Wakefield, Mass.

Michael McDermott in Middlesex Superior Court in Cambridge, Mass.
Michael McDermott in Middlesex Superior Court in Cambridge, Mass. (John Blanding / Associated Press Photo)

Michael McDermott, a 42-year-old software tester shoots and kills seven co-workers at the Internet consulting firm where he is employed. McDermott, who is arrested at the offices of Edgewater Technology Inc., apparently was enraged because his salary was about to be garnished to satisfy tax claims by the Internal Revenue Service. He uses three weapons in his attack.

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Workplace

7 killed: Honolulu

(George F. Lee / AFP Photo)

Byran Uyesugi, a Xerox copier repairman, shoots and kills seven coworkers with a Glock 9-mm semiautomatic handgun as they gather for a meeting to discuss his light workload. Uyesugi is a former high school sharpshooter who legally owns 11 handguns, five rifles and two shotguns. He is later found guilty of seven counts of murder and one of attempted murder for shooting at a man who escaped. He is serving a life sentence without possibility of parole.

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Workplace

7 killed, 7 injured: Fort Worth

(Associated Press)

Larry Gene Ashbrook opens fire inside the crowded chapel of the Wedgwood Baptist Church. Worshipers, thinking at first that it must be a prank, keep singing. But when they realize what is happening, they dive to the floor and scrunch under pews, terrified and silent as the gunfire continues. Seven people are killed before Ashbrook takes his own life.

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Worship place

9 killed, 12 injured: Atlanta

Mark O. Barton
Mark O. Barton (Associated Press)

Mark Orrin Barton, a 44-year-old chemist-turned-day trader, strolls into two investment offices and opens fire on fellow investors and office workers. The shootings at All-Tech Investment and Momentum Securities Inc., across the street from each other, leave nine people dead and 12 wounded. Barton eludes a manhunt for six hours before killing himself.

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Workplace

13 killed, 24 injured: Columbine, Colo.

(Associated Press)

Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, students at Columbine High, open fire at the school, killing a dozen students and a teacher and causing injury to two dozen others before taking their own lives.

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School

5 killed, 10 injured: Jonesboro, Ark.

(Associated Press)

Middle school students Mitchell Johnson and Andrew Golden pull a fire alarm at their school in a small rural Arkansas community and then open fire on students and teachers using an arsenal they had stashed in the nearby woods. Four students and a teacher who tried shield the children are killed and 10 others are injured. Because of their ages, Mitchell. 13, and Andrew, 11, are sentenced to confinement in a juvenile facility until they turn 21.

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School

6 killed, 19 injured: Garden City, N.Y.

(Sharon M. Beard / Associated Press)

Colin Ferguson shoots and kills six passengers and wounds 19 others on a Long Island Rail Road commuter train before being stopped by other riders. Ferguson is later sentenced to life in prison.

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Public place

8 killed, 6 injured: San Francisco

(AP Photo/Marin Independent Journal)

Gian Luigi Ferri, 55, kills eight people in an office building in San Francisco’s financial district. His rampage begins in the 34th-floor offices of Pettit & Martin, an international law firm, and ends in a stairwell between the 29th and 30th floors where he encounters police and shoots himself.

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Workplace

4 killed, 10 wounded: Olivehurst, Calif.

Eric Houston, a 20-year-old unemployed computer assembler, invades Lindhurst High School and opens fire, killing his former teacher Robert Brens and three students and wounding 10 others. He holds 85 students hostage for 8 1/2 hours before giving himself up.

Houston was convicted in July 1993 on four counts of murder. He is currently on death row at San Quentin State Prison.

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School

4 killed, 2 injured: Iowa City, Iowa

A University of Iowa campus security officer checks the hallway outside the sealed Office of Academic Affairs in Jessup Hall.
A University of Iowa campus security officer checks the hallway outside the sealed Office of Academic Affairs in Jessup Hall. (The Gazette / Associated Press)

Gang Lu, a gradu­ate stu­dent in phys­ics from China, shoots four people to death at the Uni­versity of Iowa. Lu, who took his own life in the in­cid­ent, was up­set about not get­ting an aca­dem­ic hon­or. The dead included fac­ulty mem­bers and the stu­dent who had won the hon­or. Two oth­ers were crit­ic­ally wounded.

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School

22 killed, 20 wounded: Killeen, Texas

Police officers gather outside Luby's Cafeteria in Killeen, Texas
Police officers gather outside Luby's Cafeteria in Killeen, Texas (Rick McFarland / Associated Press)

George Jo Hennard, 35, crashes his pickup truck in­to a Luby’s cafet­er­ia crowded with lunch­time pat­rons and be­gins firing indiscriminately with a semi­auto­mat­ic pistol, killing 22 people. Hennard is later found dead of a gun­shot wound in a res­taur­ant restroom.

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Public place

10 killed, 4 wounded: Jacksonville, Fla.

James E. Pough, a 42-year-old day laborer apparently distraught over the repossession of his car, walks into the offices of General Motors Acceptance Corp. and opens fire, killing seven employees and one customer before fatally shooting himself. Police later said they had confirmed that Pough was responsible for gunning down a man and woman on a Jacksonsville street 33 hours earlier.

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Public place

5 killed, 29 injured; Stockton, Calif.

Patrick Edward Purdy turns a powerful assault rifle on a crowded school playground, killing five children and wounding 29 more. Purdy, who also killed himself, had been a student at the school from kindergarten through third grade.

Police officials described Purdy as a troubled drifter in his mid-20s with a history of relatively minor brushes with the law. The midday attack lasted only minutes.

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School

14 killed, 6 wounded: Edmond, Okla.

Patrick H. Sherrill, 44, a mail carrier, walks into his post office and opens fire, killing 14 coworkers and wounding six others before killing himself with a bullet to the head. Sherrill, who faced possible dismissal, had been given a poor performance report by his supervisor the previous day.

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Workplace

21 killed, 19 wounded: San Ysidro, Calif.

James Oliver Huberty, a 41-year-old out-of-work security guard, kills 21 employees and customers at a McDonald’s restaurant. Huberty is fatally shot by a police sniper perched on the roof of a nearby post office.

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Public place

Sources: Times research (Originally published July 20, 2012)

Credits: Maloy Moore, Megan Garvey, Evan Wagstaff, TimelineSetter